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Replikation – transkriptionskonflikter i bakterier - naturen
It unwinds DNA duplexes with 3'-5' polarity with respect to the bound strand and initiates unwinding most effectively when a single-stranded region is present. Helicases use the energy derived from nucleoside triphosphate hydrolysis to unwind double helices in essentially every metabolic pathway involving nucleic acids. Earlier crystal structures have suggested that DNA helicases translocate along a single-stranded DNA in an inchworm fashion. We report here a series of crystal structures of the UvrD helicase complexed with DNA and ATP hydrolysis UvrD-like DNA helicase C-terminal domain profile. IPR014017: UvrD-like DNA helicase, C-terminal 289 566 25.557 Pfam PF00580 UvrD/REP helicase N-terminal domain IPR034739: UvrD/AddA helicase, N-terminal 12 273 6.4E-74 Gene3D G3DSA:1.10.486.10 384 UvrD, a highly conserved helicase involved in mismatch repair, nucleotide excision repair (NER), and recombinational repair, plays a critical role in maintaining genomic stability and facilitating DNA lesion repair in many prokaryotic species. Get the latest issue of Science delivered right to you!
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In order to achieve conditional control over NER, we generated a light-activated DNA helicase. 2003-01-31 UvrD is an abundant helicase in Escherichia coli with well characterized functions in mismatch and nucleotide excision repair and a possible role in displacement of proteins such as RecA from For the XPD helicase in eukaryotic NER a similar function in analogy to UvrB has been proposed, whereas XPB the second helicase uses only its ATPase activity during eukaryotic NER. In prokaryotic mismatch repair (MMR) UvrD again plays a central role. 2010-07-09 1997-01-17 2009-04-03 2015-04-17 However, there have been conflicting reports about the oligomeric state of the active helicase in vitro, some claiming that a UvrD monomer can function as a processive helicase 36,37, whereas In conclusion, our data show that the lethality in rep uvrD mutants is not a result of the overlapping functions of both helicases. UvrD, but not Rep, plays a role of RecA nucleoprotein filament remover in E. coli. The UvrD helicase proves therefore to play a new role, unrelated to DNA melting, in vivo.
It is involved in the post-incision events of nucleotide excision repair and methyl-directed mismatch repair. It unwinds DNA duplexes with 3'-5' polarity with respect to the bound strand and initiates unwinding most effectively when a single-stranded region is present. Helicases use the energy derived from nucleoside triphosphate hydrolysis to unwind double helices in essentially every metabolic pathway involving nucleic acids.
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UvrD helicase activation by MutL involves rotation of its 2B subdomain Yerdos A. Ordabayeva, Binh Nguyena, Alexander G. Kozlova, Haifeng Jiaa, and Timothy M. Lohmana,1 aDepartment of Biochemistry and Molecular Biophysics, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO 63110 Edited by Peter H. von Hippel, University of Oregon, Eugene, OR, and approved July 11, 2019 (received for review 2006-08-01 Their main function is to unpack an organism's genes. They are motor proteins that move directionally along a nucleic acid phosphodiester backbone, separating two annealed nucleic acid strands such as DNA and RNA (hence helic-+ -ase), using energy from ATP hydrolysis. The PcrA/UvrD helicase functions in multiple path-ways that promote bacterial genome stability includ-ing the suppression of conﬂicts between replication and transcription and facilitating the repair of tran-scribed DNA. The reported ability of PcrA/UvrD to bind and backtrack RNA polymerase (1,2) might be Escherichia coli UvrD DNA helicase functions in several DNA repair processes.
tr A9W9N7 A9W9N7_CHLAA Putative uncharacterized protein
Escherichia coli UvrD is a non-hexameric SF1 helicase and ssDNA translocase that functions in methyl-directed mismatch repair7 and nucleotide excision repair8 of DNA, reversal of replication forks9,10 and replication of some plasmids.11 UvrD also functions to remove proteins from DNA12,13 and as an anti-recombinase by displacing RecA Feb 4, 2017 Abstract. The PcrA/UvrD helicase functions in multiple pathways that promote bacterial genome stability including the suppression of conflicts Apr 17, 2018 An exemplary Escherichia coli helicase, UvrD, belonging to SF1, has many cellular roles such as methyl-directed mismatch repair (Iyer et al., This stimulation likely plays a role in DNA strand and protein displacement by UvrD in nucleotide excision repair. Promotion of UvrD-catalyzed unwinding of nicked UvrD is a DNA-dependent ATPase and helicase that belongs to the helicase SF1 superfamily and catalyzes the unwinding of duplex DNA in a 3' to 5' direction. To define further the role of UvrD in DNA repair a site-specific mutant was characterized. The mutation, uvrDQ251E, resides within helicase motif III, a conserved Tte UvrD Helicase is a repair helicase capable of unwinding double-stranded DNA, without a requirement for a specific flap or overhang structure, from the The DNA helicase UvrD (helicase II) protein plays an important role in nucleotide excision repair, mismatch repair, rolling circular plasmid replication, The Rep family helicases are composed of four structural domains. The Rep family function as dimers. REP helicases catalyse ATP dependent unwinding of Oct 18, 2017 Escherichia coli UvrD (EcUvrD) helicase plays a crucial role in nucleotide excision repair, mismatch repair and in the regulation of homologous Aug 13, 2019 Escherichia coli UvrD is a superfamily 1 helicase/translocase that functions in DNA repair, replication, and recombination.
Structures of UvrD-like SF1 helicase solved so far share a four-subdomain tertiary arrangement (1A/2A/1B/2B) (Singleton et al., 2007), including two RecA-like domains (1A/2A) which contain the ATP binding site and are proposed to function as the translocase (Dillingham et al., 2001; Lee and Yang, 2006), and a flexible domain (2B) which is believed to play a regulatory role in helicase activity
#=GF ID UvrD-helicase #=GF AC PF00580.22 #=GF DE UvrD/REP helicase N-terminal domain #=GF AU Bateman A;0000-0002-6982-4660 #=GF SE MRC-LMB Genome group. #=GF GA 23.00 23.00; #=GF TC 23.00 23.00; #=GF NC 22.90 22.90; #=GF BM hmmbuild HMM.ann SEED.ann #=GF SM hmmsearch -Z 47079205 -E 1000 --cpu 4 HMM pfamseq #=GF TP Domain #=GF RC Structure of Swiss:P09980 #=GF RN  #=GF RM 9288744 #=GF RT Major domain swiveling revealed by the crystal structures of #=GF RT complexes of E. coli Rep helicase
2009-04-03 · The stimulation is specific for UvrD, as UvrAB failed to stimulate Rep helicase, a UvrD homologue. Moreover, although UvrAB can promote limited strand displacement, stimulation of UvrD did not require the strand displacement function of UvrAB. We conclude that UvrAB, like MutL, modulate UvrD helicase activity. Escherichia coli UvrD is a superfamily 1 DNA helicase and single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) translocase that functions in DNA repair and plasmid replication and as an anti-recombinase by removing RecA protein from ssDNA.
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UvrD monomers can translocate along single-stranded DNA, but self-assembly or interaction with an accessory factor is required to activate processive DNA unwinding in vitro. It is active on a wide range of DNA substrates and, along with its thermostability (active to 70°C), Tte UvrD Helicase has been demonstrated to be a useful additive for improving specificity of isothermal amplification reactions, particularly in conjunction with the WarmStart® LAMP Kit (DNA & RNA). Workflow.
#=GF GA 23.00 23.00; #=GF TC 23.00 23.00; #=GF NC 22.90 22.90; #=GF BM hmmbuild HMM.ann SEED.ann #=GF SM hmmsearch -Z 47079205 -E 1000 --cpu 4 HMM pfamseq #=GF TP Domain #=GF RC Structure of Swiss:P09980 #=GF RN  #=GF RM 9288744 #=GF RT Major domain swiveling revealed by the crystal structures of #=GF RT complexes of E. coli Rep helicase
2009-04-03 · The stimulation is specific for UvrD, as UvrAB failed to stimulate Rep helicase, a UvrD homologue.
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Replikation – transkriptionskonflikter i bakterier - naturen
We conclude that UvrAB, like MutL, modulate UvrD helicase activity. Escherichia coli UvrD is a superfamily 1 DNA helicase and single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) translocase that functions in DNA repair and plasmid replication and as an anti-recombinase by removing RecA protein from ssDNA. UvrD couples ATP binding and hydrolysis to unwind double-stranded DNA and translocate along ssDNA with 3'-to-5' directionality. However, there have been conflicting reports about the oligomeric state of the active helicase in vitro, some claiming that a UvrD monomer can function as a processive helicase 36,37, whereas Inactivation of the helicase function of UvrD. To test whether the helicase function of UvrD is required for replication fork reversal, we used a previously characterized mutation in the helicase motif IV of the chromosomal uvrD gene (R284A).